Address - Trg. Kresimira Cosica 11
City - 10000 ZAGREB
Tel - ++385 1 301 2325
Fax - ++385 1 365 0503
Official Web Page http://www.hhs-chf.hr
HOCKEY IN CROATIA
1896 – 2001
1896 - 1942
In January 1896 Franjo Bucar published an article in the magazine Gymnastics «Hockey on ice» whose title is not adequate to the subject because the described rules and tactics are rules for field hockey and bandy.
In January 1896 Franjo Bucar presents to the participants of a gym teacher's seminar the rules and techniques of an unknown game in Croatia under the title «hockey on ice» which in real were the rules for field hockey and bandy.
In February 1986 when the snow started to melt the same seminar participants started to play the game on a field with the same equipment and then it actually was called field hockey.
The first translation of hockey rules was published in 1920 in as 8 newspaper articles by «Zagreb weekly» from the English Hockey Federation.
In 1908 this game is played in sports clubs so August the 30th members of the “Sismis” and “SSK Concordia” played in Samobor the first game in front of a public with score 0 : 4.
In Zagreb the first game was played on June 17th in 1911 on a field called “Elipsa”. It was played in mixed teams men and women SSK Concordia and the men supposedly won 3 to 2.
This was the beginning of women’s field hockey in Croatia.
In September 1915 because of the lack of equipment the tennis team had to play field hockey.During autumn of 1915 HASK and I. HSD played 2 games and HASK won both 5 to 1 and 4 to 0.
On Sunday September 7th a first post war game was played in Maksimir where Marathon won over HASK 3 to 0.
Since late spring 1925 to 1931 in Croatia only club Marathon exists.
High school kids renewed the club SK Concordia in autumn 1931 and played a game with Marathon 6 to 2.
Sunday 16th of October 1932 a public game was played SK Marathon and SK Concordia with a score 1 to 1.
Since autumn 1933 field hockey is regularly played in schools.
Saturday on 21st April 1934 a game with a club from Beograd was played. Marathon won 1 to 0.
In autumn 1935 a first official tournament was played in Zagreb between Concordia and Marathon and in two games got the winner. At the end of the season Concordia become the first champion of Zagreb.
Yugoslav Hockey Federation was formed in Zagreb 15th of April 1936. Participants were members from Concordia, HASK and Marathon. The first president was Veljko Ugrinic and the secretaries were Branimir Boric and Antun Mayer.
Concordia won the Zagreb championship for 1936 on May the 17th with Marathon 12 to 0 and in the second game 4 to 0.
Carpenter Franjo Habjanic in 1936 constructed the first domestic stick.
In autumn of 1937 for the first time in the championship in Zagreb three teams participated and Concordia won the Championship.
Marathon constructed the first hockey field built only for hockey in May 1938 by the river Sava.
The first international game was played in Italy, Genova on March 4th 1939 between Marathon with two Italian clubs.
Dr. Zvonko Pfaff translated the first written manual of rules and game terms into Croatian in 1939.
At the end of 1939 for the first time the tournament has 6 teams. In Yugoslav Hockey Federation about 90 players were registered.
On April 1st 1939 a first international game was played in Zagreb against Italy. From 1939 to 1942 field hockey was played regulary between HASK, Concordia and Marathon.
On April 25th 1942 the representation of Croatia played the representation of Italy in Rome and lost 0 to 2.
In May 1942 all hockey activities in Zagreb stopped and were not activated until the end of the war.
Mate Mihanovic 1945 - 2001
After the World war two in our regions was the sport movement populated what enabled the spreading of hockey in Croatia (Zagreb, Karlovac, Kutina, Zabok, Krapina, Osijek, Šibenik, Drniš, Konjšćina, Borovo, Sv. Ivan Zelina, Sv. Kri Začretje).
On the “1st Gymnastic meeting of Croatia” in Zagreb in the year 1945 also two teams of the field hockey took part, FD “Mladost”, FD “Sloboda”, both from Zagreb.
In the year 1949 was the “Croatian Federation of Field Hockey” formed in Zagreb. The championships are organised on city level (Zagreb) and from the year 1950 also on the level of the republic for men. In 1951 were formed special women sections of field hockey beside the existing hockey clubs for men and soon started city and then country championships in
field hockey for women.
From 1955 were also regularly played the championships for juniors on country level.Organised work in clubs enables also the playing of contests not only in domestic competitions but also abroad.
Significant clubs are (Jedinstvo; founded in 1948; Marathon, 1912; Mladost, 1948; Zelina,1955; Zagreb, 1951; Concordia, 1906; Trešnjevka, 1960; Akademičar, 1996, Zrinjevac, 1998)
From 1953 in Zagreb was started the playing of indoor hockey during the winter time whatgot many followers especially among young people, which is growing till today.
Indoor spaces enabled the playing of hockey also outside big cities. For many years Sv. Ivan Zelina draws many teams to the traditional memorial tournament “Ivan Brcković-Zima” which is played in December. Poreč on the seaside of Istria draws the fans of indoor hockey especially during winter school holidays and Easter holidays.
Hockey workers in this area, then in the system of Yugoslavia were initiators of “Middle European city cup” 1956 which lived for years (Munich, Vienna, Prague, Nürnberg, Zagreb...)
The Mediterranean games gave the chance the outstanding players in Croatia in the National Team of Yugoslavia to prove themselves on strong international tournaments from the year 1963. This yield fruits, so that on the “VIII Mediterranean games” in Split, the country representation won the first place and the gold medal.
It seams that the Mediterranean tournaments are lucky strikes for the Croatian hockey players.In 1999 on the “2nd Mediterranean cup” in Alexandria the Croatian Men National Team won the third place and the bronze medal. The sea atmosphere has also a good influence on the young generations of Croatian hockey players because they “U 21” group “C” in Santa Maria
da Lamas in Portugal, in 2000 won the silver medal what is also the biggest achievement of the younger and shows in a certain way the rising line of progress of field hockey in Croatia.
The levers of progress of grass hockey are coaching and umpiring. The first coach courses for teachers of gymnastic in High school took place in Zagreb after the World War Two, in 1948.
The results of that work were high school championships of Zagreb in field hockey. The leader of the Course Fedor Radoslav wrote in 1952 the work under the title “Field Hockey”.
On 112 pages and 45 photos and drawings he gave a chance to our public to meet systematically for the first time with the game of hockey which was the first book of this kindin our country. In 1953 was formed the Coaching organisation. The key place of the coach in the chain of progress of field hockey accepted also the generation from today. ivko Radan,
university teacher is the author of the book “Field hockey” published in Zagreb in 1966 on 392 pages. As the author himself says in the Introduction “The reference book is in the first place intended for coaches, instructors and players of field hockey but also the sport teachers and other sport workers for their more successful work on the systematic improvement of
technique and tactic of this game as well as in the work on organising contests and popularisation of this sport branch”. Miloje Gabrijelić, also University teacher, is for many years now a successful hockey coach. He brought up many generations of coaches, which also made the expression of the school of Miloje Gabrijelić.
“The Croatian Academy for Olympics and the Croatian hockey federation are the initiators of the Coaching course in 2001 which are attending 26 listeners (among them is one woman), and the leader is Vjeran Sever a graduate of the High Coaching School in Köln with a licence of the highest rang in Germany.
Umpiring in field hockey in Croatia has a deep root. One of the initiators of its progress in our country is Fedor Radoslav whom the F.I.H. in 1951 gave the status of an umpire, in 1955 gave him the title of an international umpire with an identity card with the number105, and so he became the first umpire with a F.I.H category in Yugoslavia in that time.
After keeping many courses and schooling young judges there was made a critical mass for the organisation of the Umpire Organisation in 1953. A special contribution to the progress of the umpiring personnel gave Ivo Zlatar, for decades a key person in hockey sport. Ivo Zlatar was a member of the Executive council of F.I.H from 6th August 1980 till his death 21st
December 1998 and was the first and till recently the only representative of our place in any organ of this international federation. Branko Ovčarić, the current president of the Umpire Assembly of the Croatian Hockey Federation is today’s flywheel of action and progress of umpiring personnel in Croatia.
Hockey fields of play are vital conditions for the survival and the progress of hockey. The first pitch with the artificial surface filled with sand was made in the Sport Park “Mladost” in Zagreb 1988. For many years it was the centre of all significant manifestations from which the Tournament of nations and the Alps cup which on him was settled down in 1984, 1989
and 1994 has to be mentioned.
The centre of hockey life in our country is connected with the Zagreb Hockey Centre wich was established on May 8th 1950.
The stormiest stage of its progress is the building of the the ground with the artificial surface filled with water, DESSO Sportilux, 1998. On this area was for many years a dumping place for dross from the nearby city thermo-electric/heating power plant, while coal was used for fuel. This dross was building material for the first hockey field of play. Later was built the
ground with natural grass. In view of the existing or space and the plans this Centre will get a real part when the building of another pitch with artificial and one with natural grass comes to an end and setting of artificial lights and adaptation and the adding of the Club house which will gave the chance for simultaneous playing on the four fields of play. This is the inevitable future if we want that all generations from pioneers, cadets, juniors, seniors and veterans, men and women get a chance for truly associating with this ancient sport game.
The Croatian Hockey Federation with it’s bodies, Executive Board, Coaching Assemblies,Supervisory Committee, many commissions and the experts for work with national teams is the frame in which has to be realised the presumptions of growth and progress of all generations of hockey players in this area. In this case also a measuring contribution to the progress of the global hockey family can be expected.